100 - Introduction to SpanishAn introduction to Spanish and some of the skills required for learning a second language. Recommended for students with no previous study of Spanish and with no strong background in another language. May be taken three times. Prerequisite: placement and recommendation.
104 - Elementary French IIn this first semester of the two-semester elementary sequence students learn from video, lab CD exercises, and classroom activity how to listen and speak, read and write French sentences. They describe themselves and others, and their present and future activities. They also begin work with the past tense and elements of French culture as they follow the video story.
104 - Elementary German IUnderstanding, speaking, reading, and writing of simple German. Emphasis on gaining command of the German sentence structure in the present tense, speaking idiomatic German, and absorbing elements of German culture.
104 - Elementary Russian IIn this first semester of the two-semester elementary sequence students learn from video, CD exercises, and classroom activity, how to listen and speak, read and write, and understand Russian sentences in the present tense. This course includes an introduction to Russian culture through video and texts.
104 - Elementary Spanish IIn this first semester of a two-semester elementary course, students become effective language learners as they develop basic communication skills in Spanish: reading, writing, listening, and speaking using the present tense. They are also introduced to the cultures of the Hispanic world.
105 - Elementary French IIIn this second course of the two-semester elementary language sequence, students fulfill the general education second language requirement. They understand and speak, read, and write sentences and paragraphs in the present, future, and past tenses in order to function in everyday situations in French-speaking cultures they are beginning to learn about. Prerequisite: FREN 104 or placement.
105 - Elementary German IIThis second semester of the elementary language sequence continues the goals of the first semester with an emphasis on the acquisition and practice of the past and future tenses in written and spoken German. Prerequisite: GER 104 or placement.
105 - Elementary Russian IIIn this second course of the two-semester elementary language sequence, students fulfill the general education second language requirement. Students understand and speak, read, and write sentences and paragraphs in the present, future, and past tenses in order to function in everyday situations in Russian-speaking countries. This course includes an introduction to Russian culture through video and texts. Prerequisite: RUSS 104.
105 - Elementary Spanish IIContinuation from SPAN 104. Fulfills the all-college language requirement. The course focuses on developing sufficient oral communication skills for students to survive in daily life interactions with Spanish speakers and to expand simple communications to include speaking in the past and simple future. (A student may receive credit for only one of the courses SPAN 105 or SPAN 110.) Prerequisite: SPAN 104 or placement.
110 - Elementary ReviewReview of first year Spanish, with emphasis on basic grammatical structure and on development of ability to speak Spanish. Fulfills the general education second language requirement for students entering Principia with insufficient preparation for exemption from further language study. (A student may receive credit for only one of the courses SPAN 105 or SPAN 110.) Prerequisite: SPAN 104 or placement.
130 - Language and Culture Abroad IElementary language study with native speakers at a French institute. May be offered for variable credit from three to six semester hours. Offered only on Principia abroads.
136 - Language Wkshp Abroad: ElemElementary language study with native speakers at an academic institution in a Spanish-speaking country, in combination with on-campus study in the case of shorter stays abroad. May be offered for variable credit from three to six semester hours. Offered only on Principia abroads. Prerequisite: SPAN 104 or placement into SPAN 110.
200 - French Culture: CinemaWeekly watching and discussion of French/Francophone movies. Class taught in English, movies with subtitles, open to all students.
204 - Intermediate French IDevelops speaking, reading, and writing skills. Culture and history used as basis for reading and speaking. Prerequisite: FREN 105 or placement.
204 - Grammar and ConversationConversation, vocabulary and idiom building, grammar review. Prerequisite: SPAN 105, SPAN 110, or placement.
205 - Intermediate French IIDevelopment of fluency and accuracy in oral and written expression, through reading and listening comprehension. Prerequisite: FREN 204 or placement.
205 - Intermediate ReviewContinuing oral review and practice of the basic structures of Spanish. Develops pronunciation, listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing. Prerequisite: SPAN 204 or placement.
210 - Intermediate Writing ReviewAllows students to develop their writing skills and to review some aspects of French grammar, through weekly compositions based on written texts or video material. May be taken four times. Counts toward the French major only once.
210 - Practical SpanishAfter the first-year language requirement, students have the opportunity through this course to develop their Spanish in a practical way. This includes working on understanding and using Internet sites for reading skills, the use of film and television broadcasts for listening-comprehension and cultural learning, and a major project looking at Hispanic culture in a special area of personal interest. Prerequisite: SPAN 105, SPAN 110, or placement.
216 - Intermediate ConversationDiscussions on issues of French/Francophone civilization and culture, through video watching, conversation and reading, with an emphasis on developing oral comprehension skills. Prerequisite: FREN 204.
216 - Oral Expression & ConversationEmphasis on a variety of activities developing oral expression, as well as listening comprehension. Prerequisite: SPAN 205 or placement.
220 - Contemporary French SocietyAn analysis of contemporary French society focusing on social class/power, gender, immigration/ethnicity, plus the religious and educational systems. Students who complete all assignments in French receive credit towards a French major. May be offered on campus as well as on Principia abroads.
220 - Hispanic CivilizationThis course, typically taught on a Principia abroad program to a Spanish-speaking area, requires study and work in Spanish to understand the historical and contemporary civilization of the area. The title will be extended to describe the current area being studied. May be taken more than once provided the area culture studied is different.
225 - Intermediate Grammar IExercise in grammar and style. This course reinforces the student's foundation in written French at the intermediate level, as a preparation for further studies in French or as a refresher course. Prerequisites: FREN 204 and FREN 205, or placement.
226 - Intermediate Grammar IIExercises in grammar and style to complement and strengthen the student's foundation in grammar at the intermediate level. Prerequisites: FREN 204 and FREN 205 or placement.
230 - Language and Culture Abroad IIIntermediate language study with native speakers at a French institute. May be offered for variable credit from three to six semester hours. Offered only on Principia abroads.
230 - Hispanic CultureBackgrounds of Spanish and Spanish-American culture. Special focus on contemporary Spanish-speaking cultures, including Hispanic culture in the United States. Taught in Spanish, with readings in Spanish and English. The title will be extended to describe the current culture studied. May be taken more than once provided the cultures studied differ. Prerequisites: SPAN 204 and SPAN 205.
236 - Lang Wkshp Abroad:IntermediateIntermediate language study with native speakers at an academic institution in a Spanish-speaking country, in combination with on-campus study in the case of shorter stays abroad. May be offered for variable credit from three to six semester hours, including credit by examination. Prerequisite: SPAN 102, SPAN 110, or placement.
240 - CompositionWriting in Spanish is the main activity of this course. Students will be supported in their writing activity with relevant grammatical explanations as evidenced by the needs shown in their writing. Some specific readings in Spanish will be used to generate ideas for creative writing. Prerequisite: SPAN 205 or placement.
241 - French PronunciationIntroduction to French phonetic theory and practice of pronunciation of modern French. Prerequisites: FREN 255 and either FREN 250 or FREN 260.
241 - Phonetics & DictionTheory and practice of pronunciation of the Spanish of modern Spain and Spanish-America. Audio and computer programs used for drill, recording, self-criticism. May be offered for variable credit from one to three semester hours. May be taken twice up to a total of three semester hours.
250 - French Cultural StudiesDevelops reading skills and understanding of Francophone literature. Prepares students for further study of French literature. Prerequisite: FREN 205.
255 - Textual Analysis and WritingDevelops style and grammatical correctness; intensive work on creative writing with some reading. Includes practice in textual analysis and analytic writing about literary texts. Prerequisite: FREN 205, FREN 225, or FREN 226.
260 - Reading French Through TimeThis course approaches French literary history as a textual journey through time, using excerpts of major French literary texts from the Medieval to the contemporary period. Students develop reading, writing, oral, and analytical skills in French at the intermediate level. Prerequisites: FREN 205 and FREN 255.
260 - Intro to Hispanic LiteratureA basic introduction to reading in Spanish and to the literature of Spain and Spanish America. Significant works representing Spanish language poetry, drama, short stories, and essays are studied in a broad historical and cultural context. Prerequisites: SPAN 205.
270 - Intro to French LiteratureThis course covers genre studies across the centuries, from the classics to the modern period, with the reading of complete works related to French culture. Students learn to analyze texts and improve their oral and written expression. Prerequisites: FREN 255 and either FREN 250 or FREN 260.
300 - Love, Reason, and MonarchyGenre studies in 17th and 18th century literature showing how power, love, and reason interplay in the French society of absolute monarchy. Prerequisites: FREN 255 and either FREN 250 or FREN 260.
306 - Advanced Oral ExpressionAdvanced expression in Spanish through the use of drama, video, simulated situations. Discussion topics draw from current issues in the Hispanic world and human experience. Prerequisite: SPAN 216.
310 - Advanced FrenchIntensive analytical grammar and reading. Develops writing skills. Prerequisites: three French courses above FREN 205 or placement.
315 - Advanced Grammar & CompositionTranslation and free composition, based on an intensive study of grammar, verbs, and idioms. Prerequisites: SPAN 216.
316 - Advanced French ConversationReading, conversation, and writing on topics of French/Francophone culture and history.
316 - Advanced ConversationAdvanced language study with a focus on developing conversational skills. Offered on Principia abroads and for credit by examination. Prerequisites: SPAN 216 and SPAN 315.
318F - Adv Methods Teaching SpanishTheory and practice of teaching Spanish. Language acquisition and applied linguistics; traditional and contemporary methodologies and practical techniques; national standards; curriculum development; proficiency criteria and testing; class observations; recorded videos of model classes; demonstration classes and microteaching experience. Taught in English, or in English and Spanish. Students complete a project and a major paper in Spanish.
320 - Topics in French LiteratureAllows students to develop their reading skills and to broaden their knowledge of French literature. May be taken up to four times, with the consent of the instructor. Counts only once toward the French major.
325 - Advanced French GrammarCourse develops writing skills at the advanced level, focusing on grammar through exercises. Prerequisite: two French courses at the 200 level.
325 - Advanced Span Language StudyContinuing work in mastery of the spoken language, with emphasis on everyday vocabulary, colloquial expressions, and idioms; introduction to translating and interpreting (consecutive and simultaneous) between English and Spanish.
330 - Language & Culture Abroad IIIAdvanced language study with native speakers at a French institute. May be offered for variable credit from three to six semester hours. Offered only on Principia abroads.
330 - Hispanic Culture Sem: TopicsAdvanced study of special topics in modern Hispanic culture. Readings and discussions of texts from authentic sources that reflect the uniqueness and diversity of the cultures studied through the use of movies, songs, media images, and art within historical, political, and social contexts. Allows some in-depth research on topics of special interest to students. The title will be extended to describe the current topic. May be taken twice up to a total of six semester hours provided the topics differ. Prerequisite: SPAN 230 and SPAN 315 or placement.
335 - Spanish Applied LinguisticsStudents study the phonetic, phonological, morphological, syntactic, and semantic rules of Spanish to understand what rules govern the intuitions of a native speaker in selecting how to structure utterances for communication to others and to learn how this knowledge helps us explain and teach ourselves and others. Prerequisite: SPAN 315. A strong knowledge of Spanish is expected.
336 - Lang Wkshp Abroad: AdvancedContinuing development of advanced conversational skills, with extensive training in aural comprehension of the language as used in different parts of Spanish-speaking world. May be offered for variable credit from three to six semester hours. Prerequisite: SPAN 316. Offered for study abroad only.
340 - Image & Power in 19th C FranceThis course looks at images of power and the power of images in 19th century France through a study of major literary movements using printed texts, paintings, and film. Develops an understanding of certain 19th century authors - Chateaubriand, Stendahl, Balzac, Flaubert, Baudelaire, Maupassant, Zola, and others - based on the reading of novels, short stories and poetry of the period, in their cultural context. This course develops reading, oral, written, and analytical skills. Prerequisites: FREN 255 and either FREN 250 or FREN 260.
350 - 20th Century: Mind RevolutionsThis course looks at the twentieth century in France as an era of mental revolutions that helped to transform France and the French-speaking world. Reading of major literary authors of the period as well as oral and written textual analysis of the texts in their cultural contexts. Prerequisites: FREN 255 and either FREN 250 or FREN 260.
355 - Spanish FilmCombines the viewing and discussion of classic and contemporary Spanish films with the reading of related scripts and literature. In addition to written and oral responses to the films, students present either a brief acting project or a contemporary film from Spain or Latin America. Prerequisites: oral communication skills at least at the SPAN 216 level, along with some background in reading Spanish literature.
360 - Seminar in French LiteratureSeminar in a particular topic of French literature. Offered upon sufficient demand. The title will be extended to describe the current topic. Prerequisite: FREN 255 or FREN 260.
371 - Classical Spanish LiteratureSelected masterpieces of Spanish literature before 1700. Prerequisite: SPAN 260 or other experience reading literature in Spanish.
372 - Modern Hispanic LiteratureSelected works from modern and contemporary literature of Spain and/or Latin America. Prerequisite: SPAN 260 or other experience reading literature in Spanish.
380 - Spanish Literature SeminarSeminar in a special topic of the literature of Spain or Spanish America. Examples: Cervantes' Don Quijote, contemporary Latin American short story. The title will be extended to describe the current topic. Prerequisite: two previous literature courses taught in Spanish. Offered upon sufficient demand.
410 - Highlights of Hispanic CultureThis lecture series sets in context the major achievements of Spanish-speaking peoples in Spain and Latin America from a historical, cultural, and literary perspective. Focuses on major achievements as well as general background knowledge. Besides providing this overview of culture for all Spanish majors, prepares Education majors for the state Spanish culture test. Prerequisite: one Spanish course at the 300-level.
470 - CapstoneThis independent course consists primarily of self-directed research concerning French literature or culture. After research and reading of original texts dealing with a topic (primary and secondary sources), the student writes a capstone paper, but will also demonstrate, through other review and written or oral tests, mastery and understanding of essential aspects of the French language and culture. Open to French majors. Prerequisites: at least two of the following: FREN 300, FREN 340, FREN 350.
470 - Spanish CapstoneAn in-depth independent research project, typically consisting of a 20-page paper written in Spanish and utilizing sources in Spanish, and a public presentation of the findings during the last week of the semester.